this one is probably the most important one in my opinion, and probably a lot of other people’s opinion, and it’s moisturizing. I think a lot of you already are pretty good with moisturizing, but you probably didn’t know how important it actually was, because it has everything to do with things like anti-aging keeping oily skin not so oily.
Moisturizers For Every Skin Type
- Dry Skin
- Oily Skin
- Glass Skin
- Sensitive Skin
Protecting The Skin
keeping dry skin hydrated, but also you’re actually protecting the skin from harmful environmental factors. So today we’re gonna be covering basically what moisturizers are, what do they do to your skin, the three different types of moisturizers, do we really need them, and of course there’s so many moisturizers out there.
you need to find which texture suits your skin type, at the same time when to know to switch up your moisturizers, and of course our recommendations on what we like, and what we’re currently using, because Mia has more dry skin type where as I have more oily combination.
Pick The Best Moisturizer
we’re gonna be sharing with you guys our tips, and just the things we’ve learned over the years, so that you can pick the best moisturizer when you’re out buying up in a store, So what are moisturizers, so moisturizers are creams or lotions that are designed to help hydrate and retain moisture in the skin.
Extracts And Chemicals
they typically contain beneficial ingredients to help the skin, such as essential oils herbal extracts and chemicals to handle oil control, and also reduce irritation, so you guys might not know this, but there are actually three different types of moisturizers, occlusives emollients and humectants, so occlusives basically help to trap the moisture that’s already in your skin from kind of evaporating out.
then we have emollients to refer to products that soften to protect to moisturize and also lubricate the skin, so this is like a conditioner for your hair, but for your skin, and then we have humectants which are moisturizers that help encourage young cells to emerge to the surface of the skin, and reduce any flakiness and dry skin, moisturizers with the added emollients and humectants actually help keep the skin moisturised.
Supple And Glowing
but also keeps it soft and supple and glowing, so normally our body already naturally performs all these functions, but moisturizers are adding an external factor to help our skin stay soft and supple like a baby, here’s a little history about moisturizers, Mia. Moisturizers have been around for about ten thousand years.
so of course there are a lot of interesting recipes that have been created from people to try and moisturize the skin, just a disclaimer because they used in the past doesn’t mean it’s gonna work for us now a days, so don’t try this at home, some of them are quite interesting, and some of them necessarily not be a hundred percent safe, so early indications of moisturizers, some people actually smeared animal fat on to their skin not only does it retain moisture.
it keeps your skin supple but also keeps you warm in the harsh environment and weather, in ancient China, a well known concubine mixed egg white with powdered vermilion which is actually a very bright red pigment that’s actually laced with mercury and is very toxic, so definitely would not suggest this, also I don’t know why you want to look red all over, makes no sense, but she believed it keeps her youthful.
okay so ancient Romans on the other hand believed a mixing of bread milk and honey, and like a mash-up and lace it on their face, I never knew that breakfast could be so anti-aging, so during anglo-saxon England, a lot of the moisturizers were made for the hands other than the face, and a lot of them were made from like left over lard as well as old wine, and then they put like essence of lilies so it kind of brighten up a little bit.
so it doesn’t smell terrible, now let’s talk science people, because you guys seem to love that. How important actually is moisturizing, on the outer most surface of our skin lies the stratum corneum, which is like a barrier that separates our body from the outside world, this surface layer is naturally kept moistened by our body’s fats such as fatty acids ceramides cholesterol and also corneocytes, corneocytes are like the bricks of the wall barrier.
while natural oils and fats are like the cement holding the wall together. So when were going about our days skipping around doing whatever it is we do, our skin actually goes through a process called transepidermal water loss, aka TEWL, so because our blood vessels only deliver moisture to the dermis layer of the skin, the water travels upward through the epidermis and eventually evaporate.
Fatty Protein Links
so when the moisture level in the air goes down, the fatty protein links of the corneum starts to break apart and leave fractures between the groups of corneocytes, so when you apply a moisturizer, that barrier is able to trap and replenish moisture in your skin, and stop it from evaporating into the air throughout the day.
so when you don’t moisturize or if you haven’t moisturized enough, the skin’s barrier actually crumbles down even further which then allows your skin’s moisture to evaporate, which leaves your skin dehydrated, and this is actually where dehydrated skin comes from, dehydrated skin is a loss of moisture, and that’s why a lot of you think you have combination skin.
it’s not that you’re dry and oily at the same time, it’s your skin is lacking moisture, because you’re not holding in and restoring and retaining all the moisture that should be in there, so now that we understand why we need to use moisturizer, let’s talk about how to properly use them so we get the best benefit and full potential from them, so of course after cleansing and toning and all your serums, when it comes to moisturizing.
this is what I love to do is scoop out baby like a cashew or pea sized amount, and dot it onto my face, so I would go blob blob blob, and then starting with my cheeks, I would do slight gentle strokes, just so make sure the moisturizers are massaged into the most driest area on your face which are your cheeks, so the skin around this area is super thin, cuz it’s very close to your eyes, and also very delicate, and turn to be the first area that gets dry.
because if you think about it when the sun hits your face, your cheeks are always popping out, so you would like to use upward motion as well, because you want to avoid creating wrinkles or sagging, so after the cheeks is done, you move on to your forehead your nose and then your jaw and then down to the neck, so you want to do this whole area and when you’re done, just patting the moisturizer into your skin.
just cupping your face feels really nice, and just making sure that your skin is absorbing all the moisturizer. Now moving on to the different types of moisturizers that you’ll see, because I’m sure some of you have seen things like gels, there’s thicker lotions there’s creams, and you’re like what is the difference and which one is better for me, generally speaking moisturizers come in four different types, gels lotions creams and ointments.
so let’s start with the thinnest consistency which is gel, so this is personally one of my favorites because I have very oily and combination but also sensitive skin, gels are really lightweight,they have very thin consistency, and they also sink the quickest into the skin, this is really great for people with oily skin types, because you don’t want a greasy film over your face, and gels never leave that kind of texture.
but where as if a dry skinned person was to use it, it probably wouldn’t offer enough moisture to actually keep them going for a really long time, lotions are a thicker texture than gels, but they’re still very light weight, because the majority of the ingredient is water, but they do contain moisturizing ingredients such as emollients or humectants, and they do help moisturizers to go deeper down into the skin.
creams is kind of like a general term because even within creams there’s like different consistency, so depending on the brand, creams and lotions can be used kind of interchangeably, but the main thing is trying out the actual consistency, putting it on your hand, you can feel it because with creams you’ll notice that it stays on top of the skin for a really long time.
on the other hand ointment are probably the thickest type of moisturizers you can get, especially for those who want your skin to be hydrated, and they are considered an occlusive moisturizer because they do tend to trap moisture into the skin, so you guys remember we talked about the TEWL, our skin’s natural water loss system, basically pointment cut deep TEWL by 98% amazing.
so to prove this one step further, you know Mia and I are always about seeing if things really work or not, so we’re going to be using moisturizer on one side of our face like we normally would, and skipping moisturizer on the other side for an entire day, and at the end of it we’re gonna actually measure the hydration levels, and show you guys what happens to the skin when you don’t moisturize.
Okay so my face is clean, I only like to use a face towel and just wipe away, it is currently summer and really hot in Australia, so the humidity level is quite high, and even with that humidity I can still feel like this tightening effect starting from the eye area down.
I’m just going to go ahead and just moisture one side, so this is eye cream first I just dotted it on and then spread out, okay so with the face moisturizer, I’m currently using the Tatcha water gel during the day time, you just don’t want to layer too much on,so I’m just pumping. that immediately feels so much better, this getting tightening effect disappeared.
now it feels comfortable, and you can probably see on camera, this side is like glowing, and this side is just pale dry, and it’s got a pimple so it makes it even worse, alright guys so here comes the scary part, so like Mia I’m only going to moisturize half my face which is going to be the right side, and I’m gonna be using my current favourite.
it’s the Some By Mi AHA BHA PHA Miracle Cream and this also has Centella which is good for calming and for inflammation, and especially if you are acne prone, and it’s a really lightweight gel consistency, so I’m just gonna take a little bit here, and then put it on my right side, you can even though it’s kind of like sinking in or whatever, you can still see that glow on top of the skin, it feels more bouncy.
it feels more subtle and this side just feels dry, I started to feel a bit painful almost like this side over here, it’s crying out for water, but actually what I’m interested in seeing is how well my face copes with producing oil, so that’s just like a really light weight moisturizer, so how I’m going to make it a little more scientific is I got this little instrument off Amazon, and basically it measures the moisture level on your skin.
it actually got a bunch of really good reviews, right here it’s only like 30 bucks, so I thought we would test this out on my skin right now, and also after a couple of hours of leaving it on, and at the tip it has these like readers and it just picks up the moisture level on your skin, it’s called the moisture monitor, turn it on and then you wait for it to stop blinking, and then you put it on your skin.
so just for those of you who are interested in also getting this, and it will beep and then it will show you, okay so this is the moisturized side, okay so on my moisturized side it is 52.6 hydration or moisture, now let’s try this side, my moisture on this side is 38, that already clearly tells you that this is much more moisturized.
I’m gonna try like the forehead area, cuz I did the cheeks just then, alright so this one is 56.7%, up here it’s 35.5%, So this overall face has around 35% moisture, this has around 50%. and we thought we’d utilize this because it’s not always helpful to say it feels really dry, or it feels really moisturized, sometimes it’s better to actually show the numerical value of it.