Hey guys, welcome With the thousands of product, tips and routines we see out there it can get a little confusing. What are the actual steps we need and which ones are extra? The goal of any skincare routine is to give you the essential building blocks to make sure your skin is functioning healthily and at its best another second goal is that it should be complementing and helping you fix any issues that can pop up from time to time or at different stages of your life. https://worldgraphics20.com/2020/10/15/5-beauty-tips-for-the-light-skinned-and-white-adjacent/
From things like preventing breakouts, healing hyper pigmentation, soothing inflammations or rashes, all of which are skin conditions and these can change daily. Skincare and beauty routines are an opportunity to notice external changes of our skin because we know a lot of it also has to do with the inside. And like with all good things we have to start with a good foundation and have the basics down so then we can start changing things up, swapping out and trying new products in the right way.
Otherwise, we can easily get super overwhelmed with everything that’s out there and it could end up in a complete mess. AKA everything that we just mentioned: breakouts and rashes. So today we’re going to go over what a healthy skin barrier is and why it’s important, the four core products in a basic skin care routine, no matter what age or skin type you are, the products that are outside the essentials but can be introduced into an intermediate and more advanced skincare regimen and debunk a major myth when it comes to using products and then how to tell when to switch up your routine and why.
Before we jump into the basics of building a foolproof skincare routine, let’s first talk about skin barrier. Healthy skin barrier The reason why we slather anything on our face is to maintain and build a strong protective barrier between us and the outside world.
Our skin barrier is the outermost layer of our skin also known as the stratum corneum Because our skin has three main layers and starting from the bottom is the hypodermis which is the deepest of cutaneous tissue made of fat and tissue and then there’s dermis which is where the connective tissue, oil glands, hair follicles, sweat glands and all of those are and then the top is the epidermis which is the top layer of skin that acts as a waterproof shield between us and the outside world and each layer has an important function in providing us with healthy skin.
But for today, we’re just gonna be focusing on the epidermis. The top of this layer is the stratum corneum and helps prevent things like bacteria, toxic chemicals, free radicals, ultraviolet light from the sun and any external nasties from entering and harming the deeper layers of the skin. On top of that this layer is also helping to hold water from escaping from inside the body and epidermis is made up of like stacks of flattened cells or cornea sites and each has a thick coating of fat which is also known as lipids that surrounds it.
Kind of like a brick wall that forms to keep precious water inside so that the skin stays firm and hydrated and therefore we won’t get wrinkles. When this is functioning well and healthy the skin is hydrated, plump and firm. But when it breaks down overall, skin health goes down with it So the key is a healthy radiant skin really is keeping the skin barrier or epidermis happy.
And when the skin barrier gets weak and the skin starts losing water and starts drying out, it’s like the brick wall starts to crumble Humpty Dumpty falls off and this is when your skin can show up as inflamed and dehydrated and flaky on the outside and breakouts can occur because the barrier is compromised and bacteria is able to get inside and then there’s things like premature aging to the skin because of dryness as well as triggering existing skin conditions like eczema and rosacea.
So that’s the skin barrier. Now we know why we even need to use all of these products because it is to help restore moisture to protect and deliver a source of hydration into the skin, to keep it functioning strong and healthy. The Basics: Think of your skincare routine as consisting four main steps. The first is cleansing: washing your face, then it’s toning, hydrating which is balancing the skin then comes moisturising or hydrating and softening the skin, and sunscreen, to protect and to prevent.
So you might be thinking what about serums or eye creams or oils? Well we’ll explain those in just a bit. But before we just mentioned, are the most important step in any basic skincare routine whether you’re 15 or over 60. Okay so first starting off with cleanser. We have talked about this in actually every like skincare basics video but will just recap because it’s super important.
All these steps, cleansing is the first step in getting rid of things like dirt, oil, dead skin that’s lying on top of our skin and these nasties can easily find their way into our pores clog them and produce breakouts which is why cleansing is so important for everyone. The difference for each person then comes down to how often you wash your face and what cleansers you’re using.
Daily Skin Care Routine – 5 Simple Steps For Every Skin
For some dry skin types, cleansing by just using a cotton pad and micellar water is enough for the morning and then using a proper cleanser at night to really cleanse off all nasties and germs from the day. Dry skin types want to stick to milk, gel or cream cleansers as they’re milder and won’t disrupt the skin barrier by stripping too many natural oils from the face and for oily skin types.
you can use cleansers with things like salicylic acid because it’s a really gentle way to make sure your skin doesn’t get too oily and keeps your skin in check and when you wash your face try to cleanse it for about two minutes so that the ingredients can really seep into the pores and really like do its job because if it’s too quick it’s kind of like redundant, it’s like splash on our face. And always use gentle circular motions in each section.
So like cheek, forehead, nose. I went home and saw my sister wash her face and she’s like, literally like this. and I’m like shocked. It’s like my dad. Oh, yeah like a man! Oh my gosh, like not okay. You’re like tugging at your skin. So I like using cleansing oils before the actual cleanser to just get rid of all the makeup because double cleansing is when you first use an oil-based product to melt away makeup and oil attracts oils so things like foundation will glide off easily.
And then once that’s off, you can go into your water-based cleansers which then takes off the rest of the debris. It’s super important that you thoroughly wash at night even if you don’t wear makeup because even the moisturizers and sunscreens on your face mix with dirt and just environmental pollutants and things in the air It will cause breakouts on your skin So you want to make sure it’s clean before putting your face on your pillow So our all-time favorite cleansers that have stood.
the test of time that we use throughout the year are the Krave Matcha Hemp Cleanser, Indie Lee’s Purifying Face Wash, The Drunk Elephant Jelly Cleanser, La Roche-Posay BHA Cleanser, and the 9 Wishes Rice Cleanser with gentle micro exfoliation beads. Don’t feel like we talked about all of these a lot already Yeah But actually the Indie Lee is a newer one to our addition and the consistency is so similar to the Krave Matcha Hemp. It’s like jelly. It’s not as um – I feel like Krave if you go like this It’s a bit sticky like goopy, tackier.
The Indie Lee isn’t like that. But the feeling of it, it’s amazing! It’s like a wet cloud on your face after you start. It actually made me so excited to clean my face in the morning. Wake up! I get to cleanse my face! Thank you Indie! So that one is actually really good and it’s good for like all skin types, good for day and night, It’s so gentle, it smells really good. And then with the 9 Wishes Rice Exfoliation one like the micro rice bran beads are actually so gentle as well So you can also use that every day and it’s a great physical exfoliant.
And then with the La Roche-Posay, This is also a newer addition for me. It was $15 and it’s probably one of the best drugstore BHA cleansers that I’ve ever tried. It’s also the same as like the Drunk Elephant consistency and texture. it’s clear, it’s not jelly-like but it’s gel so it’s a little bit more runny and You can use this morning and night, every single day So even though it’s got 2% BHA, it’s gentle enough. For oily skin people, definitely stay away from it.
But for like combo oily (skin type), it’s super good. Now moving on to Toners and Hydrators. The first step to a truly glowing and clear complexion is hydration, right? That doesn’t only apply to people with dry skin. It also applies for all skin. We all need hydration and like we mentioned just before our bodies and each layer of our skin needs water to function. http://beauty
Hydrating products like toners and hydrators are products designed to increase the water content the majority of toners are water-based liquids made up of specific active ingredients like humectants including plant extracts as well as essential oils, so humectants have the ability to attract water from its surroundings through absorption or adsorption and just to nerd out a little about these two terms absorption and adsorption are slightly different.
So, absorption is the process when a substance passes through and dissolves throughout it So like if what I went into your hair, it actually goes into your hair and dissolves within it Absorption is when the atom or the molecules are attracted and attached to the surface of the material So humectants on the skin and the hair can do both Wow Well, that’s what it means to like find water to the skin But in fact, humectants like hyaluronic acid work best in wet climates where there is a lot of moisture in the air like when it’s humid or rainy.
Otherwise it can actually draw moisture up from your own skin, which is not as effective. Humectants can function within a moisturizer formula, but depending on the skins needs, will not supply the skin with a sufficient amount of hydration. Like for her, if she just uses a moisturizer and like nothing else, it’s like too dry. It’s like it doesn’t do anything. It needs like a toner as well.
we say this because you might be thinking Oh, my moisturizer has hydrating ingredients and it’s moisturizing enough already But these ingredients in your moisturizer Are not always able to penetrate as deeply because the molecular size of these toners and serums tend to be a lot smaller Compared to moisturizers that are bigger.
Daily Skin Care Routine – 5 Simple Steps For Every Skin
If you have dry skin and are only using a moisturizer, chances are you are feeling the need to apply it multiple times throughout the day. Where are my dry skin girls at? And I think this is a mistake Not you! No, definitely not me. Like people who are younger who are just getting into skincare, they can also maybe fall into this if it’s like really dry skin, but only using like a really light moisturizer So long story short.
because toners and hydrators are made up of mostly water they should sink almost instantly into the skin and remember to apply hydrators or toners first otherwise, there’ll be nothing for your moisturizer to trap in later. So the ones I’ve been using are the Tatcha essence as well as the Ling skincare hydrator, and I’ve been loving the Laneige cream skin refiner. It is magic.
So these three products are just very hydrating and nourishing for the skin. Now the third step is moisturiser. And we’re probably going to glaze over this because we already did like two artical about it But this is one of the core products that everyone should have in any skincare routine.
So take it away, moisturizer. A moisturizer’s main responsibility is to reduce trans epidermal water loss by forming a layer over the skin surface Moisturizers are able to reduce the risk of evaporation of existing moisture throughout the day. Healthy normal skin is able to produce lipid cells and these cells trigger the skin’s natural ability to protect itself from moisture loss which communicates to our sebaceous glands to produce more oil or sebum.
Those with a disrupted lipid barrier often suffer from dry skin conditions as the skin is unable to coat the skin surface with the appropriate amount of sebum causing a loss of hydration. So a moisturiser should help to correct the lipid barrier so that the skin is able to regain healthy moisture balance and the key word here is help as these products are only part of a solution and it’s not a fix-all to every skin condition on their own but the products that we’ve been liking for moisturizing is the Differin Oil Control moisturizer with sunscreen for acne prone skin.
I’ve been loving the First Aid Beauty’s Ultra Repair Face Cream and for another drugstore alternative is the CeraVe moisturizing lotion. So with the Differin one, I really love it because it does have sunscreen as well, but it’s not greasy and white. It’s also really lightweight and it also helps to mattify the face So one day I kind of like tested this on the first day and I asked one of our co-workers: Does my face look different? She’s like it’s not as greasy because about 11 o’clock in the morning it’ll be like greasy already, but this really does help control oils.
And for the First Aid Beauty, it’s like a very deeply hydrating moisturizer that’s just like no frills no fragrance, nothing crazy added in. It just does what it’s supposed to do and First Aid Beauty is also really good for sensitive skin. So now that we’ve hydrated our skin and we’ve trapped in all that nice hydration and moisturization, the next step is to protect it all.
So sunscreens! Sunscreens are essential for any skin care routine It’s one of the most effective ways if not the most effective way to keep your skin looking youthful because most of the premature wrinkling fine lines and pigmentation happened because our skin is exposed to sun without being protected.
you might not think much of sunscreen if you’re still younger, you know you think you have youth on your side or if you like that tanned skin look, this will catch up with you because your skin won’t be able to bounce back as you get older And this is like what I face, so things like freckles, acne marks, hyper pigmentation. It will just take longer for those to fade.
Also, ultraviolet light directly attacks the collagen and elastin in the dermis layer, and this is the essential protein in our skin that makes it firm and bouncy and youthful. So sunscreen, sunscreen, sunscreen! Plus, there are so many different types of really great non greasy sunscreens now. It’s not like this white film that lifesavers used to use. So sunscreens we’ve been loving are the Krave Beet The Sun, The COSRX Aloe Soothing Sun Cream.
So all these are Korean sunscreens. Something about the Koreans and their formulation. I’m a big fan. Yeah, it’s just really lightweight, silky but protects, and also really affordable. Now that we’ve covered the basics, the foundation of skincare that literally everyone and their mother needs like we all – and their father, brother, sister, any siblings, grandparents, we all need. Let’s move up a tear to the products we can add into our routine as supplements.
Daily Skin Care Routine – 5 Simple Steps For Every Skin
Like once you’ve figured out your foundation, what works, these are the ones you can start playing around with. For us personally, serums are a part of our basics routine because serums deliver a potent amount of active ingredients to the skin and it’s like a complete boost of hydration after the toner. No matter which serum you use it will be hydrating as well as other benefits like brightening with Vitamin C and normally comes as serums, it helps fade acne marks.
There’s overall hydration boost and it helps control oils with ingredients like salicylic acid. Also a skincare routine is like any other routine you have in life whether it’s like exercise routine, eating or food routine, whatever it is, the good things only come when you give them enough time and patience. So if you’re introducing or trying a new product we can’t just say it’s not working after using a like once or twice or if you don’t see immediate results.
A lot of the products will take at least like two to four weeks for you to actually see any difference even including things like Vitamin C and especially Retinol and things that take a little bit longer to work and check out our serums video if you guys want to find out more because we go in detail in depth about everything about serums. Moving on to eye treatments. So with eye treatments, we have an entire video dedicated to that as well.
Telling you guys things like puffiness and dark circles. Why are they here? How to get rid of them? Can we get rid of them? It’s mostly dependent on the internal functioning of our body and less about what we’re actually applying onto our eyes and onto our face. So eye creams aren’t pivotal, but we know a lot of people enjoy them like I also still enjoy using them just keep in mind that you can just use a very simple moisturizer for your face and just make sure you get that under eye area as well and that will be more than enough to hydrate it. Just don’t use like chemical exfoliants under there.
I did for a while. Yeah, and we’re like shocked. Felicia was shocked. Yeah, (keep it) simple, like ceramides You know any drugstore simple moisturizer is good. Night creams Our body goes into repair mode at night to restore any damages while we’re sleeping and we also lose a lot of hydration as we (sleep). Night creams are usually thicker and richer because we lose a lot of hydration during the night when we’re sleeping so if it’s not locked in, this is when we can wake up with dry and dehydrated skin.
And the thing is, you don’t necessarily need to go out and buy a night cream I know there’s a lot of packaged moisturizers that say like night cream (or) sleeping masks. Well sleeping masks also can be used during the day, right? Oh, just any pamper session. It’s more about using a moisturizer that’s a little thicker but it won’t block your pores.
And this could be the same as your day cream. So I always use day creams at night as well . then Exfoliants! When it comes to exfoliants or exfoliating, there’s physical and there’s chemical. We have another video dedicated entirely to that explaining what the difference is. So for a more in-depth explanation, make sure you watch that one Yeah and I think when it comes to like chemical exfoliation, a lot of people are very interested about but they’re very confused about as well.
As a general rule, just avoid – In terms of physical exfoliators, avoid harsh granules and scrubs because this can really be harmful to the skin and instead opt for, even though it doesn’t sound more gentle, a gentle chemical exfoliant like fruit enzymes which are AHAs that gently helped to shed away the like glue and oils and also dead skin that bind together and seep into the pores. AHAs and BHAs are in a lot of skincare products from toners, serums, moisturisers and even masks.
So if you’re just starting out, we recommend starting from maybe a toner with AHAs or BHAs, look for a very small percentage and once your skin gets used to it, you can build up the percentages and your skin will naturally adapt. So always the lowest the better like 1% or even under 1% and then slowly work your way up. That is what the intermediate kind of additions that you can add slowly into your basic routine, and now we’re at the top tier kind of like the extra frills, the tip of the triangle. Yeah So these include face mask, at-home-peels, retinols, and like tools and gadgets. thankyou.