Today’s artical is a guide to how you can manage oily skin. So let’s discuss this further. We all have different types of skin. Skin is broadly classified into 5 types, the first is normal skin, second is dry skin, third is oily skin, fourth is sensitive skin and the fifth is combination skin.
- normal skin
- dry skin
- oily skin
- sensitive skin
- combination skin
Combination skin is dry in some areas andoily in some areas. Some of us have dry, sensitive skin whichis prone to redness, inflammation, fine lines, scales and so on. Some of us even have oily skin. So let us see what causes oily skin. Our skin has oil glands called sebaceous glandsin the dermal layer. They keep our skin moisturised and form athin protective layer of oil on the skin. This is important for the health of our skin.
Sometimes for a variety of reasons these sebaceousglands get over active and secrete excess oil or sebum. This can make your skin oily, greasy and sticky. This oiliness causes the pores to get cloggedwith dirt and dead skin cells which may lead to acne breakouts. This oiliness is seen on the forehead, nose and chin.
This is also called the T-zone. This happens because our sebaceous or oilglands are concentrated in this area. People with oily skin tend to have more acne and pimples and their skin may look dull. But why does this happen? Why do some people have oily skin? Your skin type is often based on your genetics.
If people in your family have oily skin anda tendency to have breakouts, you may also have oily skin. Skin can become oily due to the hormonal fluctuation scaused during puberty, pregnancy or menstrual cycles. Apart from this, your life style habits, orenvironmental factors can also play a role in making your skin oily.
If you stay in hot and humid weather, it mayincrease the chances of your skin becoming oily. If you eat a lot of junk food or oily food,don’t follow a consistent skincare routine, don’t cleanse your skin or remove your makeupproperly, this may make your skin prone to being oily. It can make your skin shiny and a little dull. Let’s discuss some important tips that youcan use to keep your skin oil-free or control the oil production on your skin.
Tip number 1: Cleanse your face properly. Even if you are cleansing your face, how youdo it, how many times you cleanse and which cleanser you use are all important factors. You should use an oil-free cleanser to wash your face. You can use cleansers containing 2% salicylic acid, 4 % benzoyl peroxide or even alpha hydroxyl beta hydroxyl acid based or hyaluronic acid based cleansers. Cleansers with tea tree oil are also a good option.
After applying cleanser on your face using your finger tips, use only luke warm water to wash your face. Don’t use very hot or very cold water. Don’t use an abrasive scrub while cleaning your face. I know that a lot of you may use scrubs to clean your face, but doing this too often will strip the skin of its natural oils and make your skin dry.
Cleanse your face just twice in the day, oncein the morning and once at night Washing your skin too often will make the skin dry and will cause a release of compensatory oils which will make your skin oilier. This cycle will keep going on and make yourskin really oily.
Tip number 2: Moisturise your skin. You must be thinking that if you have oily skin, why do you need moisturiser. It is a misconception that you don’t need to moisturise oily skin. You need to apply a light moisturiser even on oily skin. You shouldn’t use heavy or oily creams andmoisturisers. You should use lotion or hydrating moisturisers, or gel creams with hyaluronic acid or aloe vera ceramides.
The protective layer of oil is removed when you cleanse your face. Scrubbing or the application of topical cream scan remove the top layer of skin. Your skin may even get dry or irritated after cleansing or scrubbing. In this situation, the skin secretes compensatory oil to reduce the irritation and dryness.
This also prevents disturbing the barrier function. This is called bio feedback mechanism. This happens when your skin feels that it is getting too dry and needs more oil. This causes the sebaceous glands to become over active and produce compensatory oil which makes the skin oily. You may have observed that your skin may appear dry or oil free for a couple of hours after washing but starts looking oily once again.
That’s why you should use an oil free, non-comedogenicand hydrating moisturiser after cleansing your face. This helps to balance the moisture and hydration lost in the cleansing process and prevents the secretion of compensatory oil. These moisturisers also help to retain wateror hydration in the skin. You can apply moisturiser on your face twiceor thrice a day if necessary. Keep in mind that you don’t over moisturiseyour skin.
Tip number 3: This tip is specifically for those people who use toner on their skin. Ideally moisturisers are enough to keep yourskin balanced. But people with oily skin often use toners. Routine toners contain alcohol, which is anastringent and removes the oil from your skin. But toner can also cause your skin to becomevery dry. If you have acne prone skin, do not use tonerin the areas prone to acne. If you have to use toners, make sure thatthey are alcohol free.
Tip number 4: Use sunscreen. We know that a lot of you ignore sunscreen and don’t use it regularly or frequently. The main role of sunscreen is to protect your delicate skin from the sun’s ultra violet A and B rays. There are sunscreens for every skin type in the market.
You can use lotion or gel based sunscreens, matt finish sunscreens, mineral sunscreens and even water based sunscreen for oily skin. Apply sunscreen 15-20 minutes before stepping out of the house. Your sunscreen should be broad spectrum with SPF 30. It is important to reapply sunscreen every2 or 3 hours.
Tip number 5: Do you scrub or exfoliate your skin to get rid of the oiliness or greasiness? Excessive scrubbing can cause your skin toget even more oily as it will cause your skin to feel that the necessary amount of oil is also not there. I’m not saying that you shouldn’t exfoliate. Infact, you should gently exfoliate your skin once every 8-10 days to remove the dead skin cells and maintain the overall health of your skin. But daily or frequent over exfoliation can make your skin oilier.
Tip number 6: Use products that suit your skin type. So you should use oil-free, non comedogenic, water or gel based products for oily skin.
Tip number 7: Use oil free and non –comedogenic makeup products. And always remove your makeup thoroughly before sleeping. Use any mild, cleansing lotion to completely remove the makeup. Avoid using wet wipes to remove your makeup as they have alcohol or astringent that can make your skin unnecessarily dry. This causes your skin to over compensate and become oilier.
Tip number 8: If you have oily skin you should change your pillow covers and bed sheets frequently. This will prevent the accumulation of bacteria. Acne causing bacteria or propionibacteriumacne survives on the sebum in the skin. Your sebum is food for them. That is why you have to prevent the bacteria build up, so that the acne or pimple breakouts stopor reduce.
Tip number 9: You must have heard that acne can be treated with oral or topical medicines and in somecases even medical procedures can be done. But it is equally important to maintain ahealthy diet and make lifestyle changes. Certain scientific studies state that refinedfoods, sugary foods, soft drinks, aerated cold drinks, sweets, chocolates, dairy productslike ice cream, cheese, milk may trigger oily skin in some people.
If you feel that your skin gets oilier withsuch foods, you should avoid eating these foods. You should eat fresh fruits, vegetables, balancedIndian diet with roti, sabzi, dal, rice, and salad. If you eat healthy foods like fresh fruitsand vegetables, your body will get detoxified and your skin will glow. Drink 2-3 litres of water in the day to keepyourself and your skin hydrated, this will reduce the acne breakouts.
Tip number 10: If you have very oily skin, you can use certain medicated creams as well. Retinols or vitamin A is a good option. Retinols are pretty strong and are used asa treatment for acne. You can use a topical cream with less concentrationof retinols to control oily skin.
You can also get chemical or glycolic peelsdone. But ideally these won’t be necessary. You can take good care of your skin with ahealthy and regular skincare routine. These were a few tips for oily skin care. Having oily skin can be quite frustrating. And a lot of times we may feel that if this oil was not there in our skin it would be better. But sebum or oil is necessary for the health of your skin.